OB69 Brønsted Acid-Catalyzed Conversion of Hemicellulose to Monosaccharides in 1-Ethyl-3-Methyl Imidazolium Chloride

Friday, June 10, 2011: 8:20 AM
Columbus Ballroom (Detroit Marriott Hotel at the Renaissance Center )
Kristopher R. Enslow and Alexis T. Bell, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
Conversion of plant biomass, such as hemicellulose, provides a sustainable pathway toward renewable fuels. Using 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and Brønsted acid catalysts, hemicellulose was hydrolyzed to monosaccharides in an 85 wt% yield, with 5 wt% dehydration products and 4 wt% humins, under stepwise water addition. Adding 1,4-dioxane eliminated humin formation.

Extended Abstracts: